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Migration Governance Architecture in the Horn of Africa: The Case of IGAD

Introduction This policy brief is the product of a webinar organized by the Platform to reflect on the migration governance architecture of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in terms of norm-setting, policy processes and practical implications. IGAD migration governance architecture is generally characterized as a system based on informal cooperation and partnerships between the member states in the region with regards to migration related matters. This informal institutional set-up contrasts with that of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) migration governance architecture, addressed in the last webinar, which has significant formal power to enforce regional policies on migration. The less formal power or authority of IGAD therefore makes it difficult for it to superimpose any regional norms on national and sub-national levels. Another difference between ECOWAS and the IGAD migration governance architectures is the contrasting migration trajectories in the two regions. For instance, migration in the Horn of Africa is characterized by high levels of forced internal displaced persons (IDP) and other forms of mixed migration that requires targeted policy instruments in terms of support, protection, or management within the region and beyond. Conversely, in West Africa migration is the

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