This position paper is commissoned by the International Organisation for Migation (IOM) to the African Diaspora Policy Centre (ADPC). The aim of the position paper is to demonstrate that Skills Mobility Partnerships ( SMPs) have the potential to scale up cooperation agreements between Africa and Europe to an advanced level. SMPs offer a holistic approach to skills development, labour mobility, and development in a coherent and integrated manner. Furthermore, SMPs advance a new policy understanding about the ways in which the skills divide can be significantly reduced through more structural cooperation, targeted at revamping the educational system at all skills levels in origin countries. Investing in skills development in origin countries means shoring up the human capital needed to successfully sustain the present knowledge economy. In other words, it requires the creation of a significant and readily available pool of skilled workers, which will also benefit the labour market in destination countries. To this end, SMPs can establish a process through which in-demand skills are jointly invested in, recognized, and equitably shared, ushering in landmark cooperation agreements between Africa and Europe in the foreseeable future.